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Shadbush Tract

The Shadbush
The Shadbush belongs to a group of flowering shrubs and small trees called Amelanchier, in the Rose family. The name is said to be derived from its sweet tasting berries.  Due to their flowering and fruiting characteristics, a number of Amelanchiers have been given such names as Shadbush, Serviceberry, and Juneberry.  “Shadbush” refers to the flowering of the bush-like tree in the early spring, when the Shad fish used to swim up the eastern rivers to spawn.

The mountain people call it the Serviceberry because the trees bloomed around the time the circuit riding ministers went into the mountains after each spring to perform such services as weddings. The name Juneberry reflects the maturity of its small, apple-like fruit in the month of June.

Over 40 species of birds and other animals like the skunk, raccoon, squirrel, and chipmunk eat the berries, which also make fine pies, jam, jelly, and wine. Rabbits, beaver, whitetail deer, and moose also browse on the twigs.

Native Americans mixed the dried berries with dried buffalo meat to make a food staple called Pemmican. The bark was simmered and used to soothe eyes irritated by the sun, dust, and snow blindness. They also used the wood to make arrow shafts.

Characteristics of the Shadbush

BUDS
The buds are rather long, slender, and pointed. The bud scales may be greenish or reddish tinged in color.

LEAVES
 The leaves are simple, egg-shaped, sharply toothed, and alternate. They are about ½ – 2 ½” long and about 1″ wide. They may be somewhat rounded or heart-shaped at the base. In the fall, the leaves turn pretty shades of yellow, orange, and red.

FLOWERS
 The small white flowers with five narrow petals grow in clusters at the end of the branches. They bloom in early spring (March/April) before or as the leaves appear.

FRUIT                                                                                                                                     The small, round, apple-like fruits, the size of a large pea or small blueberry, are reddish purple or blue when ripe in early June.

BARK
 The bark is mostly smooth and light gray in color with long, dark streaks with stripes like the stripes on a tiger.

The Shadbush Tract
The Shadbush Tract is a unique 80 acre natural area located in the northwest section of River Bends Park in Shelby Township. It’s named for the exceptionally large Shadbush trees that grow in the area.

This area has often been referred to as “the little Grand Canyon of Macomb County” because of its geological features. It might also be called “the gem of Shelby Township”. There is no other known tract of land in Shelby Township with such a variety of habitats — hardwood forest, cattail marsh, cedar swamp, and riverside meadows. A wide range of birds, small animals, and plant life is also found in the Shadbush Tract.

Over 30 years ago, the Michigan Natural Areas Council formed a reconnaissance team to survey this unique natural tract. At the completion of the study, the team recommended that this natural tract, with its wide variety of plants, animals, and natural features be dedicated as a Nature Study Area. This recommendation became a reality on April 8, 1966 when the Shadbush Tract was dedicated for protection as a natural area preserved in its natural state, with foot traffic restricted to foot trails, and its use restricted to nature study by the public.

In January of 1992, the Macomb Audubon Society initiated a Natural Features Inventory of the Shadbush Tract. This organization was endeavoring to inventory the plants, trees, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, insects, and bird life in the natural area.

In March of 1992, the Macomb Audubon Society commissioned students under the direction of Dr. James Wells of the Cranbrook Institute of Science, to perform a Botanical Survey of the Shadbush Tract as well as other parts of the River Bends Park.

The Macomb Audubon Society had also engaged qualified biologists, entomologists, herpetologists, etc. to conduct the other parts of the ongoing survey.

Over 100 species of birds have been identified in the Shadbush Tract as well as protected plants and animal species like Lady Slippers, Trillium, and the Spotted Turtle.

Trees and Shrubs found in the Shadbush Nature Center Area:
Tamarack                    Large Tooth Aspen          Ironwood
White Cedar                Spice Bush                     Red Maple
Red Elm                      Black Raspberry             Basswood
White Ash                   Gooseberry                     Black Cherry
Choke Cherry               Red Oak                        White Oak
Black Oak                   Burr Oak                        Shadbush
Witch Hazel                Hawthorn                        Hackberry
Yellow Birch                Red Mulberry                  Sugar Maple
White Elm                   Red Raspberry                Black Maple
Black Ash                   Common Elder                Bitternut Hickory
Prickly Ash                 White Pine                      Canada Yew
Willow                        Honeysuckle                   Narrowleaf Willow
Poison Ivy                   Bladdernut                      Pussy Willow
Smooth Honeysuckle   Cottonwood                    Poison Sumac
Aromatic Sumac          Alternate Leaf Dogwood   Red Osier Dogwood
Flowering Dogwood      Gray Dogwood                Tulip Tree
Blue Beach                 Sycamore

Wildflowers in the Shadbush Nature Area:
Bloodroot                       Jack-in-the-Pulpit           Twinflower
Skunk Cabbage             Wild Ginger                   Blue Violet
Broadleaf Toothwort        Early Meadow Rue         Partridge Berry
Marsh Marigold              Roundleaf Hepatica         Sedge
Nude Mitewort                Small Soloman Seal      Wood Rush
Miterwort                        White Trillium               Bellwort
Swamp Current               Wood Anemone            Fern
Douglas Bitter Cress       Canada Mayflower         Shinleaf
Goldthread                     Spring Beauty                Ladyslipper
Dwarf Raspberry             Wild Geranium              Columbine
Cutleaf Toothwort            Early Buttercup             Troutlilly

Mammals found in the Nature Center Area:
Whitetail Deer           Coyote
Fox                          Raccoon
Oppossum                Skunk
Squirrel                     Badger
Beaver                      Muskrat
Mink                         Chipmunk
Wood Duck               Gopher (13 lined squirrel)
Cottontail Rabbit        Mice (several species)

How the Clinton River Got Its Name:
At one time, there were three rivers in Michigan called the Huron River.  The Lower Huron, which flows through Ann Arbor, Michigan.  The Upper Huron, which flows through Pontiac, Rochester, Shelby Township, Utica, and Mt. Clemens, on its way to Lake St. Clair.  The Huron of the North, which flows through the thumb area of Michigan.  Having three rivers with the same name caused so much confusion among people that two of the rivers were renamed.  The Upper Huron was renamed the Clinton River in honor of Governor Clinton of New York.  The Huron of the North was renamed the Cass River in honor of Governor Lewis Cass of Michigan.

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